According to the 2011 census, the population was 7.186 million. Average life expectancy in 2013 was 75 years (77.68 for women and 72.46 for men). The total fertility rate has dropped below the replacement level: from 2.5 in 1960 to 1.4 in 2012; the share of the population over age 65 has doubled, reaching 17.5 percent. It is projected to reach about 30 percent by 2050, thus posing a significant challenge of ageing in the country. There is no in-depth demographic and health research to document the fertility pattern and preferences or gender and intergenerational relations to inform evidence-based population policies.
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Key Demographic Challenges for Serbia
Fact: Serbia annually loses 35,000 inhabitants.
Fact: Required population replacement rate is 2.5, while the rate in Serbia is 1.4
Myth: Current population trends started during the 90s.
Fact: They started nearly 60 years ago.
In order to better understand current and future demographic challenges, PERFORM supported the Cabinet of the Minister without Portfolio in charge of demography and population policy in the form of education series. The objective is to foster a stronger link between policy makers and demographers, and to improve evidence-based population policy actions.
The first out of four workshops planned within the “Demography and Population Policy in Serbia” project took place on 20 February 2017. Lecturers from the Institute of Social Sciences presented numerous issues related to demographic policy to the representatives of 35 various public administration institutions.
Within this project, the cooperation between the Center for Demographic Research of the Institute of Social Sciences and the Minister without portfolio in charge of demography and population policy, will become more institutionalised and systematic, and will serve as a best practice model for other ministries that will learn about the importance and benefits of taking into account researcher data when writing public policies.